Morphine is classical analgesic with strong effect. Nowadays, controlled- release morphine tablets(MS Contin) are the most advanced among all morphine forms, which has been widely used clinically. Thirty advanced cancerous patients with severe pain were treated with MS Contin from March 1995 to December 1997. The following is the report of clinical observation.
1 Subjects and methods
1.1 Subjects Thirty patients of advanced stage (M,18, F,12 ;age:52± 13years) except primary hepatocarcinomas had pathological or cellular proof . There were 7 cases with hepatocarcinoma, 6 cases with lung cancer, 4 cases with breast cancer , 3 cases with gastric carcinoma, 2 cases with mutiple myeloma, 2 cases with colon cancer and 1 case with pancreatic carcinoma. These patients did not take adrenocortical hormones, sedative, soporific, antidepressants, antihistamines and were not treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy .
1.2 Methods The grades of pain use VRS. 0 grade: Patients feel no pain.1st grade: Patients feel light pain and can live normally. Their sleep is not disturbed. 2nd grade: Patients feel obvious pain and cannot bear and require taking analgesic. Their sleep is disturbed. 3rd grade: Patients feel severe pain and cannot bear and need to take analgesic. Their sleep is seriously disturbed.
All cases were treated with MS Contin tablets(30mg,q12h,po).If there were no obvious effect, doses of 30 mg were added every time. The maximum dose per time was 120 mg .When the doses could make them achieve obvious effect, the patients were treated for over 3 days. All tablets were swallowed and were not chewed.……
Background: Joint movement disorder and even stiff joint often occurs after external fixation for fracture of tibia and fibula, the reason of which is usually the intra joint adherence and the adherence and atrophy of the extra joint muscles.
Objective: To discuss the treatment effects of post- operational staged rehabilitation for fracture of tibia and fibula.
Unit: Second People Hospital of Ningxia.
Subject: There were 65 cases including 45 male and 20 female ones. They were from 16～ 70 years with the average of 43 years. The fractures were all unstable, fragmental and open.
Intervention: Three- staged rehabilitation was applied after external fixation: (1) Early rehabilitation treatment (3～ 6 weeks after operation): ① The fractured limb was elevated to diminish the swelling; ② To exercise the joints at the end of the limbs, as to exercise the toes for multiple times every day; ③ Fix the muscles of the limbs and contract them isometricly, do it for 15～ 20 minutes each time and for multiple times every day. (2) Middle rehabilitation treatment(8～ 10 weeks after operation ) muscle force exercises were increased gradually, the anti resistance exercises were added gradually after the muscle force got over degree III, the joint movement ranges were added gradually with the muscle under control. (3) Late rehabilitation treatment ( the fracture had healed).① Muscle force exercises: Anti resistance exercises such as sandbag kicking and pedaling. ② Joint movement exercises including active and passive exercises, such as extension and flexion of knee joint, dorsiextension and planter flexion of ankle joint, the exercises should be increased gradually to form some rhythm and speed. Also electric treatment, heat treatment, ultrasonic treatment and massage etc may be added in this period.
Result: The follow up periods for the 65 cases were 3～ 12 months and the time for the fractures to heal completely was 8～ 16 weeks ( the average was 12 weeks). The fun...
Background: Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease characterized by low bone component and regeneration of the microstructure of bone tissues, osteoporosis occurs in postmenopausal women for decreased estrogen level. Those women with osteoporosis often suffer from bone ache, such as pain at low back, back, knees and heels. In severe cases, there may be crookback or non- violent fracture.
Objective: To discuss treatment effect of the Alendronate on 56 postmenopausal women with bone ache caused by osteoporosis.
Unit: 210 Hospital of PLA.……
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64 cases of tibia platform fracture were received and treated from February1994 to December 2000. The patients were guided for rehabilitation treatment as early function exercise and herb washing esc, the effects were satisfactory and it is reported as following.
1 Objects and methods
1.1 Objects 64 cases,39 male,25 female, aged 16～ 72 years, 35 cases were at the left and 29 were at the right. 52 cases were treated in one week and 12 were from one week to two weeks.The fractures were of three types: There were 37 cases of exstrophy type, Degree I: Split fracture or compress fracture of tibia external condyle with little or no transportation. The indented articular facet of the compress was no more than 0.5 cm. There were 15 cases of Degree I in the group. Degree II: 1/3 articular facet at the outside of the external condyle was of split fracture and there were external transportation, the indentation of the internal 2/3 articular facet caused by the external condyle of the femur was no more than 1.0 cm. There were 13 cases of degree II in the group. Degree III: Fracture on both condyles and there were 7 cases of Degree III in the group. There were 18 cases of entropion type and 9 cases of vertical type in the group.
1.2 Methods ( 1) Non- operation treatment ① The lower limbs were fixed with plaster support for two weeks, after swelling at the knee joints disappeared, legs were fixed for another 2～ 4 weeks with plaster support or tube support, there were 30 cases in the group and the method was suitable for Degree I and II of the exstrophy type and entropion or vertical types with little transportation.② Bone traction for 2 weeks, and 2～ 4 weeks of lower limb plaster support or tube support, or continual bone traction combined with early function exercise, there were 9 cases in the group and the method was suitable for Degree III and IV of the exstrophy type, entropion and vertical types with major transportation.( 2) Operation treatment ① Open reduc...
Background:Cervical spondylopathy belonging to chronic and multiple diseases is common among elders,which seriously affects work and life of patients.Cervical spondylopathy is considered as arthragia- syndrome,dizzy,flaccidity- syndrome,stiffness of nape in traditional chinese medicine.Differentiating treatment was effective in treatmenting the condition.
Objective:To study effect of differntiating treatment on joint dysfunction following cervical spondylopathy.
Unit:Shenzhen Chinese Medicine Hospital
Subjects:128 outpatients,76 male,52 femlae,aged 24～ 68 years.Duration of condition lasted for 3 months to 18 years.Teachers,band staffs are susceptible for the condition.Of all patients,47 suffered from cervical spondylopathy of nerve root form,42 from cervical spondylopathy of cervical form,23 from cervical spondylopathy of vertebral artery form,8 from cervical spondylopathy of myeloid form.According to differntiating type in traditional chinese medicine,89 patients suffered from arthralgia form,31 from dizzy form,and 8 from flaccidity form.
Intervention:Huangqi Guizhi Tang Jiajian consisting of Astragalus root(30 g),Cinnamom twig(10 g),White peony root(15 g),Pueravia root(20 g),Licorice root(6 g),Fresh ginger(10 g),Chiness- date(10 g),Notoptery gium root(10 g),Ledebouriella root(10 g)Spatholobus stem(30 g) was administrated for patients suffered from cervical spondylopathy of arthrlgia form.For patients……
Backgrand: After incision,correction and internal fixation with Kirschner pins and steel pins, many patients has been observed to have joints dysfunction even rigidity after the elimination of more than 4 weeks knee‘s extention movement under outer fixation protection which is necessary.
Unit: Red Cross Hospital of Jingjiang City.……
Background: To the terminal stages of esophagus cancer without chance of surgery, radiotherapy has unsatisfactory effect either. It is difficult to swallow for the patients, of whom some even cannot eat anything and lose their weight gradually, and finally, lose the ability to take care of themselves. Even if their lives can be maintained, their life quality is very low. In order to alleviate dysphasia, we have carried out the chemotherapy schemes of CMP and DMB.
Objective: By means of united chemotherapy, the following effects are expected: to reduce the focus, to improve the ability to take food, to recover from cachexia, and to reach the target of improving the patients‘ life quality.
Design: Treat the terminal stages of esophagus cancer with united chemotherapy and evaluate the effect in time.
Unit: PLA 323 Hospital.……
Background:Now,transcutaneous lumbar removal of vertebral disc,a kind of effective treatments for prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc is widely used in clinic .Postoperative rehabilitation training has been recepted in clinic.
Objective:In order to strengthen stability of spine,oppression and stimulation for nerve root were removed.
Unit:General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region.……
Background: There are many reports about the operative or non- operative treatments of herniation of cervical disc or prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc, but few about the non- operative treatments curative effect and attentive affairs of their combination.
Objective: To study the non- operative treatments‘ curative effect of herniation of cervical disc combined with prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc.
Design: To make retrospective survey and study of non- operative treatments‘ curative effect of herniation of cervical disc combined with prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc. Unit: First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University.
Subject: From February 1990 to February 1998, 55 patients were with the complication, occupied 15. 41% of the simple cervical disc, and 9. 34% of the simple lumbar intervertebral disc.……