Basal boundary line of class structure in China lies on the differentiation between peasants and non-peasants. Occupational mobility of peasants means breaking through this base line. But now there is very little study of farmer labor mobility focusing on the life course of peasants‘ mobility in sociology and economics. The reason lles in two sides: firstly,most economic studies are based on theories of surplus labor transition, and concentrated on theissues of mobility reason, mobility size and so on. Secondly, sociological studies focused on the well-being of peasant workers in the city. In this paper, the author centralizes his discussion on the transition rate of peasants‘ occupational mobility, and mainly analyzes its institutional condition, human capital, and life course of the surplus labor. Drawing on a strict random sampling data, which covers all over China in 1996, the author also challenges the companng interest theory and human capital theory in the field of surplus labor mobility.
This article attempts to discuss the ideology of indigenous orientation in recent Chinese social science. Many scholars think this orientation of thinking focusing on the indigenous Chinese culture context will lead to nationalism and imagined community. The misreading of this thinking way is that the Chinese culture is fixed, and the communication between cultures is neglected by these scholars. The author of this article argues that the cultural practice of indigenous movement is also another kind of westernized hegemony. All those cultural misreading has a common origin, that is the decline of cosmology of the Chinese empire and the expansive movement of indigenization for the purpose to defense mechanism in the ideology construction of modem Chinese state.
The Contingent of Chinese entrepreneur has gone through a way of complications in the ninety .The degree of education and the administrative levels of academy have been improved largely, and the Contingent of entrepreneur has got into the construction of high academy, Furthermore ,the consciousness of profession has matured slonly,and the behavior of profession has tended towards rationalization, But the quality of entrepreneur is still not improved much relatively. The ability of policy decision making of specialized newtrails tumed even lower, the direction of professional behavior needs to have common standards, the conflict of professional behavior is still general.