This article focuses on culture sociological analysis of Art world. To clarify the issue, the author distinguishes and explores some key concepts in the social institutions of art from inner structure of art to agent of art. The author argues that modem art has its game rules related to aesthetic modernity.Therefore, the Art world is one aspect of aesthetic modernity.
This paper provides a detailed review of Thompson, Bourdieu, and Gans. These three sociologists developed such cultural concepts as taste, habitus, and experience in discussing social class and social stratification structures. These conceptualizations are complementary to a structural perspective on social class and social stratification that is prevailing in sociology today, and thus indicate the transition of cultural sociology toward maturity.
Social capital as both concept and theory has drawn much intellectuals‘ interest and research in the past two decades in social sciences (especially in sociology), but it is a most prominent and controversial concept and theory. In my opinion, the controversy on social capital is due to different definitions, concepts, measurements, and analysis levels. The aim of this paper is not to settle all controversies and debates, but to clarify the source of many controversies and debates. I hope that my review will be helpful to future systematic theoretical reconstruction and research on social capital.
Control of emotion is an important theme involved in both theoretical and practical levels when sociologists. However, it has been ignored for a long time. This article makes a preliminary approach to wards sociological studies related to the control of emotion from three basic perspectives:whether the control of emotion is necessary or not ; whether the control of emotion is possible or not and how the control of emotion is achieved. Through thinking sociological studies on the control of emotion,not only can we grasp a new grain in the historical development of sociological theory, but also a series of significant problems in present life can be putted out.
The relationship between social network and employment is a classical research area of the New Economic Sociology. However, up to now, most empirical studies in this area merely focus on the network ties actually used and the result of job search. This research endeavors to broaden the scope of relevant studies by studying the relationship between the personal network and the reservation wage of Chinese laid-off workers. By analyzing the empirical data, this research shows that one of the most important channels for the laid-off workers to get information from the labor market is through their personal network, or, more precisely, through the weak ties in their network. The weak ties function mainly as providing better information rather than providing more influential or substantial help.Moreover, the impact of institutional background is also studied in this research. We find that the importance of social network in job searching is weakening with the construction of Chinese labor market,while the formal institutional factors like human capital are showing more and more prominent effects in this process.
The article focuses on analyzing the process about the foundation and policy generalization of the Dalian city‘s Community Public Service Organization. Describing the procedure that the government met with problems while governing, scholars engaged in related researches and brought up policy designment, the government proceeded with the scholar and resident for making a policy experiment, government issued a file to extend the community public services Organization in the whole city to perfect the city‘s minimum living protection system, the author probed the promoting and baffling factors in the social policy formation process.
The concerned data are adopted from the sample investigation on assessment of occupational prestige in Shenzhen in 2001.The purpose of this paper is to study the Shenzhen people‘s value-orientation to occupational assessment. The writer thinks that the Shenzhen people, influenced by the periodical economic development, have developed a popular value assessment system and assess different occupations in society rationally. Furthermore, while they think highly of occupation in knowledge and technology fields, they usually set higher values on occupations with great power or related closely with power or position.
Of the traditional economic resources and welfare, focusing on physical and mental health, pressure of parenthood and interpersonal adaptation, through a questionnaire survey of 500 intact families and 440 single parent families, this research found that the overall level of SWB of single parent is significantly lower than that of intact family. Further findings revealed that single parent‘ s level of SWB was much lower not in satisfaction for material life but in parenthood pressure and negative emotions and moods. Analysis of regression model showed that the side (person) applying for a divorce had a higher level of SWB than the side unwilling to divorce or widowed single parent did. As expected, life events (xiagang or unemployment, frustration in career) had a major effect on SWB for both single parent families and intact families. There was a positive correlation between income and SWB level. These single parents who saw frustration as life experience were more likely to have higher level of satisfaction and adjustment. There was negative correlation between social prejudice against single parents and their SWB. In contrast, there was positive correlation between social support and single parent‘s SWB. In contract with the findings in eastern countries, there was no significant difference between single fathers and single mothers.
Marital power is not a kind of outcome or share that can be got through resources exchange or gender norms. Instead, it takes the floating form of relation/events, regulates and decides family pattern. When using power tactics or operating power, people will act “naturally” according to the stock of knowledge at hand, as well as act expediently and creatively. The main forms of the power in marital interaction are various ways of controlling situational definition. In concrete, one could shape and maintain advantaged “marital relation formulary” or try to change to a better one via limiting scene,forming categories and problematizing other‘s member qualification. This thesis aims at exploring some power tactics in various kinds of events, which happened in families during shaping, maintaining or changing the “marital relation formulary”. Thus we could have a deeper and broader analysis in marital power during the marital interaction.