This thesis attempts to do an empirical research of workers‘‘ responses to the status deprivation in the process of State-owned Enterprises‘‘ institutional transformations,especially the possibility of workers‘‘ collective action, and analyzes the relationship between workers‘‘ action choices and institutional environment, material environment, resource as well as goal in hypothesis of workers as context bounded rationality agents. Formal institution and informal institution are the main institutional factors of shaping the workers‘‘ action choices and the logic of action choices--the logic of conforming to institution arid the logic of subsistence. Main conclusions of the research are:there is no open and interests organized collective action under the condition of status deprivation in the process of institution transformation, i.e. un-collective action. Collective inaction is not the main politics of state-owned enterprises. Main response of action is obedience, exit, and individual voice.
There are two ideal types of enterprise downsizing, one is based on planning economy,where workers are allocated by the state, the other is based on market economy, where workers get or leave their jobs according to the labor contracts. The laid-off list in the factories in China in the second half of 1990s is different from both the labor allocation before the reform and the labor market in western country. The complexity of the laid-off list making reflects the complexity of the factory regimes. The author analyzes different workshop regimes by using the concept of “workshop game”, and points out the differences in dynamic, criterion, and operation in the process of the laid-off list making in different king of factories in transitional China.
The attitude toward rational choice in sociology has changed from refusal, introduction to acknowledgement. The research on rational choice is always the core of New Economic Sociology developed since 1970‘‘s. Only by taking rational choice research, rather than social network research, as a starting point, could people understand and hold the theoretical substance of New Economic Sociology.Although New Economic Sociology has extended the field of theoretical view on rational choice, with many non-economic factor‘‘s entry into the view of rational choice which does not satisfy computation, the principle of computation and the principle of utility maximum on instrumental reason or object reason have nothing changed since then, which directly lead to the error of research methods through which economic sociology explore rational choice.
This paper reviews Bourdieu‘‘s theory of social class. It is organized into three main sections. In part one, as the background to understand his class theory, Bourdieu‘‘s general framework of social theory, methodology, and key terms are briefly introduced. Part two reviews Bourdieu‘‘s theoretical insights on class concept, capital and class classification, class habitus and taste, class trajectory and related topics. In part three, the author comments on Bourdieu‘‘ s important contributions to class theory and its limitations, highlights the heuristic implication of his class theory and the possibility to apply it to Chinese society to develop some empirical research questions.
This article analyzes social causes of prevalence of the rumor and gossip about SARS in Beijing, Guangzhou and other districts of China in early 2003 when SARS was spreading. Methods like questionnaires, interviews and analysis of documents are used in this article. Rumors and gossip are information spread in society which has no adequate proofs and are the results of three components working together which are aberration of people‘‘s mind, recreation of disseminator and use of folk culture and tradition.
“Deliberative Politics”, the key word of the political theory of Jurgen Habermas, maintains that we should transcend the dilemma of Liberalism and republicanism, so that we could reconstruct a new conception of democracy. This article will analyse the historical background and the actuality of “Deliberative Politics” according to the conception of national state and in the light of the history about the western political practice and political theory.
In this paper, the author combines the psychological findings with the social welfare research. It has studied by some psychologists that people are likely to be risk averse over gains, while they are often risk-loving over losses. Thus “loss aversion” and “status quo bias” are general psychological phenomenon of human beings. The author uses these psychological terms to analyze how the welfare states operate and what is the motivation of their development. Using the terms of information economics such as technical risk and moral risk, the author also discusses the risks involved in the process of designing and operating of the welfare institutions. Through the analysis in the paper, the consequences of the operation of the welfare states will be understood more clearly.
This text uses the results of my own research about Qingxuan village‘‘s floating population who migrate to big cities and areengaged in the industry. Through the statistic analysis of the questionnaires and the in-depth interview of them,I cannot find any statistic data,such as the fundamental index, occupational career, life idea of social contact etc.,to support the concept“Cenozoic era floating population” that put forward by Wang Chunguang and Luo Xia,so I think that this concept is not scientific.
The unreasonable shares of tax and fee among different stratifications of peasants have become main problems of tax and fee system in contemporary China‘‘s countryside. These problems stem from the contradiction between the peasants‘‘ stratification and the equally apportioned system of rural tax and fee. The equally apportioned system of rural tax and fee which has taxed every peasant with equal amount regardless of peasants‘‘ income and wealth situation,especially results in the facts that the agricultural laborers in the central and western countrysides are taxed more than they can bear.