The measurement of the social stability aims at the non-material social phenomena and it‘s success relys on the theoretical efforts and the practical operation. Theovetically the establishment of theoretical mode of social stability is the key for the evaluation, due to the theoretical abstraction as the core of the evaluation systems in any social measurement. Operationally the social stability index system isa “soft ruler”rather than a “hard measure” that could be used directly. Here peopele can find the importance of the operation platform for the presentiment management system of social stability.
The last decade witnessed the growth of the rate of unemployment in China. Being a vulnerable group, the employed faced social disadvantages as the consequences of unemployment. This paper argued that the muhi-dimensional concept of social exclusion could be used to describe these social disadvantages. And, focusing on the process and social actors or agents, the concept of social exclusion urged us to think of the following questions, for example, who excluded the employed from social, economic, political, cultural and institutional spheres of our society and how they made it happen. Based on the review of social exclusion literature mainly in West Europe and North America, the paper formulated an analytic framework linking unemployment, on the one hand, and other dimensions of social exclusion, on the other hand. However, due to the locality of the framework, this paper called for further empirical researches in Chinese contexts to verify, modify and even refute this framework.
This essay argues that Huntington‘s conception of the ‘clash of civilizations‘ is closely related to the neo-conservative trend in the US, the ideological background of current American foreign policy. According to the author, the connection of the Huntington‘ s thesis to neo-conservatism has made itself a self-fulfilling prophecy in today‘s international affairs it both predicts and promotes civilization clashes, or their current manifestation in the conflict between the US and the Muslim world. The author further indicates that there are deep roots for the Huntington‘s thesis in America‘s ‘civil religion‘, or the American tradition of Protestantism.
One of the important characteristics of empirical research is hypothesis testing. This paper discusses the necessity and functions of research hypothesis in empirical research and proposes five criteria for the evaluation of research hypothesis and the operational steps.
This paper attempts to develop the concept of the “ethnic capital”. Based on the theory of social capital and the enclave economy, the anthers argue that ethnic capital is not a thing but involves interactive processes of financial capital, human capital, and social capital within an identifiable ethnic community, the anthers use case studies of centenary Chinatowns and emerging middle-class immigrant Chinese communities in New York and Los Angeles to illustrate how ethnic capital affects community building and transformation, which in turn influence the social mobility of immigrants. The paper speculates on how developments in contemporary ethnic enclaves challenge the conventional notion of assimilation and contribute to understanding of community dynamics.
This paper focuses on the relation between reflexivity and sociology of knowledge. The term “reflexivity” has two essential references: self-reflection and self-refutation. Mannheim‘s sociology of knowledge is based on historicism which is relativistic, so the theory of sociology of knowledge is selfrefutatory. Mannheim tried to use self-reflection as instrument to destruct Mannheim Paradox but be failed. Sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) attempts to dissolve the paradox by asserting its relativism, but the paradox remains. In the auther‘s opinion, the paradox can‘t be dissolved and so Mannheim and SSK‘s ambition of constructing epistemology of relativism for sociology is impossible in the context of rationalism.
This article discusses the relationship between Mannheim‘s thought and Weber‘s one in three aspects : ( 1 ) diagnosis of their time;(2) the Mannheim‘s epistemological predicament and its connection with Weber‘ s thought;grasp the problems of our time.(3) the methodological problem. As Wolff argues that, most of Mannheim‘s work (not only that explicitly devoted to the sociology of knowledge) could be characterizedas a “diagnosis of our time”. It was just on this topic where Mannheim followed Weber‘ s proposition——“gods complete in every fields of society”, and extended the tension of Weber‘ s judgment in many theoretical aspects such as ideology and utopia, the science of politics, the problem of intelligentsia, the types of knowledge and the styles of instruction, etc. In this sense, the attention to the connection of Mannheim and Weber gets its significance not only in the field of thoughts history or academic history, but also on the sociological masters‘ inspiration to grasp the problems of our time.
Social network analysis is an approach widely used nowadays. However, the approach is often reduced to a substantive field, or even a set of research techniques. This paper treats social network analysis as an insightful perspective to social structure. What is the notable contribution of social network analysis to the investigation of social structure? This is the organizing question in the article. The specific theoretical assumptions, analytical strategies, and conceptual tools of social network analysis are examined in detail. The weakness or limitation of such a perspective is also discussed.
Law of the Village Council Organization tried out in 1987 and issued in 1998, marks the beginning of the village autonomy process and symbolizes the withdrawal of the State‘ s compulsory force from the countryside. In such a setting, the dual effects, which comes from the liberal concurrence nature of the village autonomy and the trust construction mechanism in rural societies, strengthen to certain extent the individual‘s clan orientation during the council members‘ selection, and therefore enlarge the institutional space of clans‘ action. A series of reforms in the countryside since 1970s have brought upthe growth of little group‘s interest and individualism. As a result, the appearance of clans in farmers‘ life world begins to turn to the side of purely intimacy and keeps in the meantime facing to the side of interest, particularly in the case of important events.
Based on the field work in Chen Village in the east plain of Henan Province, this paper presents an empirical research on the game in the process of family planning in rural China. It attempts to reveal the relationship between state and society or state and villagers, the evolution of local social order and pattern of local social operation through the macro and micro-analyses of the game in family planning in Chen Village. In micro-game analysis, the authers analyze the main means and strategies of game used by players. Based on the micro-analyses, the authers analyze the macro-game and try to clarify institutional change of family planning in the game and formalization of outcomes of games in past over 20 years. Four changes took place in the game of family planning in Chen Village(and neighboring areas). In the conclusion part, this paper puts forward the concept of “two-line-operating society” and finds the model of evolution of order.