In 2003, Southeast Asian Economy continued to be in a posture of economic recovery, yet different countries differed in their economic growth rates. So 2004 will be a critical year, which witnesses state power transitions, economic recontruction and regional conformity.
In 2003, Thailand ranked first in its economic growth in the Southeast Asian Region and 2003 was also a year that its economy grew fastest since the Economic Crisis in 1997 in its history. Such achievements were due to the fact that it had enjoyed political stability and in diplomacy, had advocated the theme of advancing economy and trade, thus stimulating domestic demand and expanding the volume of foreign trade becoming the two main forces. In 2004, though new opportunities and challenges co - exist, Thailand is still expected to become a shining “star of economy” in Asia.
In 2003, Singapore implemented its adjustment of economic structure and took apt measures to boost its tourism, positively promoting the regional cooperation in economy and trade. Despite its effort and due to the effects of global economic slump and SARS, its expectation of early economic recovery was not realized and the annual economic growth was only 1.1%.
In 2003, Malaysia experienced three major problems with its economy being attacked both by the Iraqi War and SARS, its government being challenged by the opposition parities and in foreign diplomacy, conflicts with the Western and neighboring countries intermittently occurring,. It was not until October when Adula succeeded as the Prime Minister, he removed all those obstacles and the situation there became stable. In 2004, the Malaysian economy and foreign relations are expected to be favorable and there is no problem for the People‘s Front to win the election.
The author reviews Brunei‘s political situations and economic development in recent years with focus on its adjustment of economic structure, predicting the prospect of the cooperation in economy and trade between China and Brunei.
On the background of the economic recovery in Southeast Asia, the increase of economic growth in East Asia and the unpredictable world situation, ASEAN was more active than before in 2003, becoming a hot spot on Asian stage. It not only promoted the advancement of the integration process in ASEAN itself in politics, economy, regional security and social issues but also further enhanced the cooperation among the Asian - Pacific countries such as China, Japan, South Korea and India. It also advanced cooperation and promoted dialogues with the United States and the European Union. The start of the program of China-ASEAN Free Trade Zone which had played a positive role in its smooth progress, greatly pushed forward the development of the economy and trade in those countries.
2003 was a year which witnessed the greatest increase of trade volume of commodities in China - ASEAN area,the fastest rate of growth, the largest trade deficit for China and the richest technological content. In that year, the trade was characterized by the following 4 aspects : 1. The trade volume reached a new high first surpassing 70 billion dollars. 2. The growth rate maintained stable with the export growth rate fixing around 50%. 3. A new model of “5-4-1” of the structure of trade partners had taken shape. 4. New and high - tech products were favored in structure. Calculation shows that in the new year, the growth range and structure will be adjusted in a new round of the expansion phase in regional trade and the time for ASEAN to be China‘s fourth largest trade partner with volume of 100 billion dollars is expected to come ahead of schedule in 2004.
The Philippines‘ social and political culture is second to none in Southeast Asia and even the whole Asia. It evolves from actions of both internal and external factors, one of which is the intentional transplant and guidance by the US, whose influence is the greatest. To develop economy is the top priority for its social and political stability.
Since the implementation of market economy, college students‘ tendency towards utilitarianism has become more and more serious, thus bringing utmost negative influence on both themselves and the society as a whole. The essay expounds on this phenomenon, and its causes and suggests measures for the rectification.
The latest political development in Southeast Asia can be characterized by the following four aspects, which are 1. Campaigns were under way for the general elections in Indonesia and the Philippines. 2. Cambodia and Malaysia were undertaking the change of governments and power transition. 3. Latest developments were made in anti - terrorist campaigns in the area, especially in Indonesia and the Philippines. 4. There occurred domestic military conflicts and violence, namely the military conflict in Indonesia, the military coup d‘état in the Philippines and the blood event of May 30 in Burma.
This essay tries to explore the Laotian present ethnic problems, their historical causes, the policies that the Laotian People‘ s Revolutionary Party adopts and measures it takes. Meanwhile, the author also elaborates the achievements as well as unsolved problems.
This paper expounds the process and characteristics of the political participation by oversea Chinese in Thailand and factors that affect their participation. Then it further explores their social significance.
The relationship between Russia and Southeast Asian countries is experiencing adjustment and it has been increasingly characterized by mechanism and integration. Factors that affect their relations are multi - sided . Either historical elements, geo - political strategy of the superpowers, political culture or interior plights, to some extent, might be hindrance to the development of their bi - lateral relations. So their development depends on many variables.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, the issue of the illegal emigration in China‘ s Fujian coastal area has drawn great attention from the world and that worried many nations. The international community felt even worse about the issue,which is usually considered as a non - traditional security factor, after the tragic September 1 lth Event in the United States. So the ease study of that issue helps us better understand the situation so as to take effective precautions and undertake better management.