英语中表示“解释”的词语很多,其含义有差别,下面来看看它们的具体用法。1.explain 解释,说明,阐明Please explain this problem to me.请给我解释这个问题。A dictionary tries to explain the meaningsof words.词典设法解释词的含义。He briefly explained the situation tothem.他简明扼要地向他们说明了形势。2.make of 解释,了解What do you make of it all?你对这一切作何解释?
按照《澳大利亚宪法》(Australian Con—stitution),澳大利亚的教育由州政府和区政府负责。联邦政府是一个重要的资金投资方和政策制定者。个人、家庭和私人组织也投资教育和培训。澳大利亚的教育水平不断增长,现在是经济合作与发展组织(Organization for Eco—nomic Cooperation and Development,OECD)国家中教育水平最高的。18年前,大多数澳大利亚人还是上10年学就离开学校。现在3/4的人上12年学以上。在最近18年里,上大学的人增长了
opposite the gate 与 the opposite gate有何不同?【问】请问 opposite the gate 与 theopposite gate 有何不同?【答】先看 opposite 一词的用法:(1)He stood opposite.他站在对面。(opposite 为 adv.修饰动词 stood。)(2)He stood on the opposite of street.他站在马路对面。(opposite 为名词,作介词 on的宾语。)
《魔鬼词典》对 man(人)的定义尚且显示出愤世嫉俗的态度,对于世界上其他事物的定义更加抱有魔鬼式的态度。有的定义带有讽刺挖苦的意味,例如,administration(政府)的定义是:An ingeniousabstraction in politics.designed to receive thekicks and cuffs due to the premier or presi-dent.A man of straw.proof against bad-eggingand dead-catting.(这是政治中的一种巧妙的抽象,是用来抵挡由于总理或总统的过错而招致的拳打脚踢的。这是一个稻草人,各种骂名它都能担当。)
大多数情态动词都可与动词不定式的完成式连用,来讲述过去。这个结构有着特殊的意义:用来表示猜测(设想可能发生了什么事)或想象(设想可能出现过什么不同的情况)。1.must+have+PP.此结构用来表示对过去某事有把握的猜测。如:Mary must have received my E-mail.be-cause I sent it to her a month ago.玛丽一定收到了我给她的电子邮件,因为我一个月以前就给她发过去了。
1.Mr.Brown was once lying in bed when a man entered his room and tried to open the lockof his writing desk.The thief was sure that Mr.Brown was asleep,and he was astonished whenhe heard a loud laugh from behind.“What are you laughing at?”asked the thief.“I laugh,my good fellow,”said Mr.Brown,“when I think what risks you are taking in thehope of finding money by night in a desk where the owner of it can never find any by day.”
英语构词中存在着一种语言现象,有的词具有两种不同的否定前缀,其词义有很大差异,记住这些具有双重否定前缀的词汇,将有助于语言运用能力的提高。1.disable vt.使无能力,使残废Tuberculosis disables him for hard work,so hewas arranged for cleaning the office.unable adj.不能够的 v.使无能The child is so little that he is unable to take careof himself.Mary is so unabled by diseases that she is confinedto the wheelchair.
美国当代著名语法学家 R.Quirk 在他与人合著的 A Grammar of Contemporary English 一书中对英语前缀作了科学的分类。他划分出的5个否定前缀(negative prefix)分别为:un-,in-(其中包括 il-,im-,ir-),non-,dis-,a-。在英语教学中,时常遇到一些学生把这几个否定前缀张冠李戴,错误百出。分析其原因,还是因为他们对每个否定前缀的含义、构成及用法不十分了解造成的。本文拟就5个否定前缀的含义、构成及用法作简略的探讨和归纳,希望能有益于英语的教学和学习。一、un-是来自英语本族语的前缀,其英文含义
For several days I d noticed that our 24-year-old son,Tim,seemed remote,preoccu-pied.Whatever it is,I decided,he ll talk tome when he s ready.Maybe it had somethingto do with his girlfriend,Pam,though they gotalong quite well together.Finally one day when Tim came homefrom work for his lunch hour,he was nervous,his face drawn.“Mom,”he said sitting in our kitchen,barely touching the sandwich I d made,“Pain s pregnant.”
四、名词解释(15%)Explain the following terms in English:1.Jazz 2.Fianna Fail3.Counterculture 4.The Privy Council5.“Quiet Revolution”五、简答题(12%)Give brief answers to the following questions;1.What do you know about the“public schools”in the UK?2.What are the powers of the U.S.President?3.What is meant bv the term“welfare state”inBritain?
As long as I live,I won t forget when I met AlvinC.Hass for the first time in 1991.The other inmate inthe prison class didn t use the name“Alvin Hass”whenhe introduced us-not even close!He introducedAlvin as“Bonehead.”Immediately,I felt uncomfort-able with Alvin s nickname.The tall,soft-spoken in-mate wouldn t look at me as he shook my hand.Need-less to say,“Bonehead”was bald-headed.The hair thathe had on the sides went way down past his shoulders.I felt as though I were staring at him and tried n...
《英语知识》1999年第11期上刊载的《再谈whether 和 if》一文中有:“8.whether 后可跟 or not,if 则不能。He wants to know whether or not we want din-ner.He wants to know whether we want dinner ornot.He wants to know if we want any dinner”当 if 和 whether 作连词引导从句,意为“是否”时,一般情况下均可互用。如:I wonder if/whether I can catch the last bus.但是,一旦与 or not 连用,依传统语法(或部分
Some villagers were going to celebrate an important wine festival in a few day s time,sothey borrowed a huge barrel(桶)from the nearest town,put it in the village square,and deter-mined that each of them should empty a bottle of the best wine he had into it,so that thereshould he plenty at the feast.One of the villagers thought he would be very clever.“If I pour a bottle of water instead of