IMAGING ANALYSIS OF FREQUENCY MODULATION CONTINUOUS WAVE SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR IN NEAR RANGE MODE1 免费阅读 下载全文 Frequency-Modulation Continuous-Wave Synthetic Aperture Radar(FMCW SAR)has shown great potential in the applications of civil and military fields because of its easy deployment and low cost.However,most of these work and analysis are concentrated on airborne FMCW SAR,where the characteristics of the imaging geometry and signal are much similar to that of traditional pulsed-SAR.As a result,a series of test campaigns of automobile-based FMCW SAR were sponsored by Institute of Electronics,Chinese Academy of Sciences(IECAS)in the autumn of 2012.In this paper,we analyze the imaging issues of FMCW SAR in automobile mode(named as near range mode),where a vehicle is used as moving platform and a large looking angle is configured.The imaging geometry and signal properties are analyzed in detail.We emphasize the difference of the near range mode from the traditional airborne SAR mode.Based on the analysis,a focusing approach is proposed in the paper to handle the data focusing in the case.Simulation experiment and real data of automobile FMCW SAR are used to validate the analysis.
EFFICIENT STRIP-MODE SAR RAW SIGNAL SIMULATION OF MIXED TARGETS BASED ON ACCURATE 2-D SPECTRUM 免费阅读 下载全文 An accurate and efficient Synthetic Aperture Radar(SAR)raw data generator is of considerable value for testing system parameters and verifying imaging algorithms.Nevertheless,the existing simulator cannot exactly handle the case of the fast moving targets in high squint geometry.As for the issue,the analytical expression for the two Dimensional(2-D)signal spectrum of moving targets is derived and a fast raw echo simulation method is proposed in this study.The proposed simulator can accommodate the moving targets in the high squint geometry,whose processing steps of the simulation are given in detail and its computational complexity is analyzed.The simulation data for static and moving targets are processed and analyzed,and the results are given to validate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
WIDE SWATH FMCW SAR DATA PROCESSING IN SQUINT MODE 免费阅读 下载全文 This paper concentrates on the data processing of Frequency Modulation Continuous Wave(FMCW),Synthetic Aperture Radar(SAR)in the case of wide swath and squint mode.In the mode,the Doppler centroid dramatically varies along slant range compared to conventional pulsed-SAR.This poses a challenge for system design and signal processing since a very large azimuth bandwidth would be introduced.In the paper,we accommodate the Doppler centroid variations with range by an improved spectral-length extension method,where a bulk range shift and updated Doppler centroid variations are introduced to greatly reduce the azimuth aliasing with respective to the existing methods.Moreover,an image formation approach that integrates wave number domain algorithm is presented to focus the raw data of FMCW SAR in the case of wide swath and squint mode.Point target simulation experiment demonstrates the advantages of the presented method.
UWB TEM HORN ANTENNA FOR THE ASPHALT PAVEMENT INVESTIGATION 免费阅读 下载全文 A simple Ultra-WideBand(UWB)exponentially-tapered Transverse ElectroMagnetic(TEM)horn antenna is presented for the asphalt detection based on Ground Penetrating Radar(GPR).In order to reduce the reflections from the antenna aperture,some absorbing material is loaded on the outer surface of the conductor.Comparing with the traditional TEM horn antenna,the proposed antenna has a small size and a large impedance bandwidth.Simulated and measured results show that the proposed TEM horn antenna has a low Voltage Standing Wave Ratio(VSWR)below 2 over the whole band from 0.35 GHz to 12 GHz,good radiation characteristics,and small late-time ringing,which can perfectly meet the requirements of the GPR application.
MULTIPLE ATTRIBUTE NETWORK SELECTION ALGORITHM BASED ON AHP AND SYNERGETIC THEORY FOR HETEROGENEOUS WIRELESS NETWORKS 免费阅读 下载全文 It is a hot issue in communication research field to select the best network for Heterogeneous Wireless Networks(HWNs),and it is also a difficult problem to reduce the handoff number of vertical handoff.In order to solve this problem,the paper proposes a multiple attribute network selection algorithm based on Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP)and synergetic theory.The algorithm applies synergetics to network selection,considering the candidate network as a compound system composed of multiple attribute subsystems,and combines the subsystem order degree with AHP weight to obtain entropy of the compound system,which is opposite the synergy degree of a network system.The greater the synergy degree,the better the network performance.The algorithm takes not only the coordination of objective attributes but also Quality of Service(QoS)requirements into consideration,ensuring that users select the network with overall good performance.The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm can effectively reduce the handoff number and provide uses with satisfactory QoS according to different services.
INPAINTING ALGORITHM FOR KINECT DEPTH MAP BASED ON FOREGROUND SEGMENTATION 免费阅读 下载全文 The depth information of the scene indicates the distance between the object and the camera,and depth extraction is a key technology in 3D video system.The emergence of Kinect makes the high resolution depth map capturing possible.However,the depth map captured by Kinect can not be directly used due to the existing holes and noises,which needs to be repaired.We propose a texture combined inpainting algorithm in this paper.Firstly,the foreground is segmented combined with the color characteristics of the texture image to repair the foreground of the depth map.Secondly,region growing is used to determine the match region of the hole in the depth map,and to accurately position the match region according to the texture information.Then the match region is weighted to fill the hole.Finally,a Gaussian filter is used to remove the noise in the depth map.Experimental results show that the proposed method can effectively repair the holes existing in the original depth map and get an accurate and smooth depth map,which can be used to render a virtual image with good quality.
OMP-BASED MULTI-BAND SIGNAL RECONSTRUCTION FOR ECOLOGICAL SOUNDS RECOGNITION 免费阅读 下载全文 The paper proposes a new method of multi-band signal reconstruction based on Orthogonal Matching Pursuit(OMP),which aims to develop a robust Ecological Sounds Recognition(ESR)system.Firstly,the OMP is employed to sparsely decompose the original signal,thus the high correlation components are retained to reconstruct in the first stage.Then,according to the frequency distribution of both foreground sound and background noise,the signal can be compensated by the residual components in the second stage.Via the two-stage reconstruction,high non-stationary noises are effectively reduced,and the reconstruction precision of foreground sound is improved.At recognition stage,we employ deep belief networks to model the composite feature sets extracted from reconstructed signal.The experimental results show that the proposed approach achieved superior recognition performance on 60 classes of ecological sounds in different environments under different Signal-to-Noise Ratio(SNR),compared with the existing method.
PARAMETERS DETERMINATION METHOD OF PHASE-SPACE RECONSTRUCTION BASED ON DIFFERENTIAL ENTROPY RATIO AND RBF NEURAL NETWORK 免费阅读 下载全文 Phase space reconstruction is the first step of recognizing the chaotic time series.On the basis of differential entropy ratio method,the embedding dimension opt m and time delay t are optimal for the state space reconstruction could be determined.But they are not the optimal parameters accepted for prediction.This study proposes an improved method based on the differential entropy ratio and Radial Basis Function(RBF)neural network to estimate the embedding dimension m and the time delay t,which have both optimal characteristics of the state space reconstruction and the prediction.Simulating experiments of Lorenz system and Doffing system show that the original phase space could be reconstructed from the time series effectively,and both the prediction accuracy and prediction length are improved greatly.
NEW APPROACH TO EMULATE SEU FAULTS ON SRAM BASED FPGAS 免费阅读 下载全文 Field Programmable Gate Arrays(FPGAs)offer high capability in implementing of complex systems,and currently are an attractive solution for space system electronics.However,FPGAs are susceptible to radiation induced Single-Event Upsets(SEUs).To insure reliable operation of FPGA based systems in a harsh radiation environment,various SEU mitigation techniques have been provided.In this paper we propose a system based on dynamic partial reconfiguration capability of the modern devices to evaluate the SEU fault effect in FPGA.The proposed approach combines the fault injection controller with the host FPGA,and therefore the hardware complexity is minimized.All of the SEU injection and evaluation requirements are performed by a soft-core which realized inside the host FPGA.Experimental results on some standard benchmark circuits reveal that the proposed system is able to speed up the fault injection campaign 50 times in compared to conventional method.
DEVELOPMENT OF NEW PILL-BOX WINDOW FOR S-BAND HIGH POWER KLYSTRON 免费阅读 下载全文 In this paper,a new pill-box window with arc groove disk is studied for S-band high power klystron.Its main characteristics are long pill-box and periodic grooved window disk.The long pill-box window can decrease the normal field and relieve the radio frequency loss in high power transmission,and periodic grooved window disk can suppress tangential field multipactor.The Monte Carlo(MC)method is used to build up the simulation model and analyze the increasing tendency of electrons.The simulation results indicate that long-box window with periodic arc grooved window disk can restrain multipactor effectively.Homocentric circular half-camber arc slot is put forward to overcome the disadvantages of periodic straight triangle and strait rectangular.The long pill-box with groove disk window prototype is tested in high power Travelling Wave Resonant Ring(TWRR)and the experimental results show an excellent character of this window.