Against the backdrop of growing global concern for environment, jute being a natural fibre can certainly be considered as a potential candidate for many of the eco-friendly products that will replace majority of today‘s popular products posing severe threats to our environment. An area which offers new possibilities for jute
Flax, linseed or hemp fibres can substitute wood, synthetic, carbon and glass fibres in a wide range of industnal products.A complete new machine line for the processing of natural fibre plants was developed, which includes all process stages from pickup and cutting of straw bales up to the cleaning of the final products, fibres and shives.The processed fibres have a fineness in the range from 2.5 to 15 tax. The length of the fibres is adjustable in the range from 50 to 200mm. These fibres can be shortened by additional cutting to a defined length from e.g. 4 to 8 mm.Practical applications of the fibres are the automotive industry, geo-texfiles, thermal blankets, fibrous insulating material and composites,building boards, coarse yarn, coarse textiles, and reinforcement of several composites and structural parts.
The sisal is one kind of important tropical source and also is priority industry with broad development prospect and large export potential. As China become one of WTO members, the sisal industry priority is needed to play important role, promote the adjustment for agriculture structure, increase income for peasants and increase
This paper summarized the current conditions of collection, conservation, evaluation and utilization of ramie germplasms in China, It also putforward the main work plan of the studies on ramie germplasms in future.
High yield and effective cultivation technic of winter-spring planting flax in south of China has been resulted after four years cultivation trials. The cultivation technic include seeds selection, early planting with suitable season and quantity, proper fertilization, fertilizer superaddition depending on early period growing situation,non-furrow and cover planting, weeding chemically, spraying growth regulator to avoid falling and harvesting at proper period. The yield of raw stem can reach above 4500-5250kg/ha. We also introduce the effective technology of south flax industrialization--rapidly retting. Using this technic, flax retting can be finished within 20hrs and dry stem rate, long flax rate and fiber quality can be improved, pollution can be reduced and raw stem income can be increased over 300RMB/T.The main flax byproduct-flax residue multiple utilizations mode and technology also is introduced to increase the additional value of flax.