TTA Special Section on Terahertz Sources and Devices 免费阅读 下载全文
Terahertz Polarization Detector Based on PMMA Grating Pipe 免费阅读 下载全文 In this paper,we propose and experimentally demonstrate a method to realize a polarization detector by using a commercially available polymethyl methacrylate(PMMA) pipe.An asymmetric polarization-related structure is fabricated by etching different grating structures on the external surface of the pipe.The results show that when the pipe rotates up to 90°,the peak of the transmission spectrum can evidently shift towards the low frequency,which means the pipe with grating structures can serve as a polarization detector.This design possesses the merits of a simple structure and easy fabrication.
Review of a New IR Nonlinear Optical BaGa_4Se_7 Crystal 免费阅读 下载全文 A newly grown Ba Ga4Se7 crystal has been synthesized via the Bridgman-Stockbarger technique.This new crystal has advantages of high nonlinear optics(NLO) coefficients,high laser damage thresholds,and wide transparent regions.The Ba Ga4Se7 crystal has bright application prospects as a nonlinear gain medium in mid-infrared and terahertz regions.In this paper,the crystalline structure and synthetic method of the Ba Ga4Se7 crystal are introduced.The refractive indices and absorption coefficients along three dielectric axes between 0.1 THz and 1.0 THz are also obtained.The terahertz difference frequency generation(THz-DFG) characteristics based on the BaG a4Se7 crystal in the frequency range of 0.1 THz to 1.0 THz are analyzed theoretically and the phase-matching conditions are calculated.The application of Ba Ga4Se7 crystals in terahertz wave generation is also discussed.
Materials Research Advances towards High-Capacity Battery/Fuel Cell Devices（Invited paper） 免费阅读 下载全文 The world has entered an era featured with fast transportations,instant communications,and prompt technological revolutions,the further advancement of which all relies fundamentally,yet,on the development of cost-effective energy resources allowing for durable and high-rate energy supply.Current battery and fuel cell systems are challenged by a few issues characterized either by insufficient energy capacity or by operation instability and,thus,are not ideal for such highly-demanded applications as electrical vehicles and portable electronic devices.In this mini-review,we present,from materials perspectives,a few selected important breakthroughs in energy resources employed in these applications.Prospectives are then given to look towards future research activities for seeking viable materials solutions for addressing the capacity,durability,and cost shortcomings associated with current battery/fuel cell devices.
Uncover the Aesthetic Simplicity Associated with Mass Transfer in Energy Materials 免费阅读 下载全文 Aesthetics,referred frequently to as a philosophical term,has played a starring role in forming and evolving a number of aspects of human society,including arts,politics,economics,ethics,etc.Indeed,exploring and investigating the aesthetic phenomena in the scientific field have aroused insightful research findings,which in turn has stimulated research interests in such a science-aesthetics field.In particular,better-evaluated aesthetic aspects of the materials field are expected to be uncovered upon the exceedingly-exposed fundamental breakthroughs in researching the basic structure and functionality of materials.In this report,we glimpse into the aesthetic simplicity of energy materials and comprehend specifically the mass transfer functionalities of key categories of energy materials through an intuitive and bottom-up approach.Our effort aspires to shed new lights on the functionality understanding and manipulation of functional materials in general.
Improved Collaborative Filtering Recommendation Based on Classification and User Trust 免费阅读 下载全文 When dealing with the ratings from users,traditional collaborative filtering algorithms do not consider the credibility of rating data,which affects the accuracy of similarity.To address this issue,the paper proposes an improved algorithm based on classification and user trust.It firstly classifies all the ratings by the categories of items.And then,for each category,it evaluates the trustworthy degree of each user on the category and imposes the degree on the ratings of the user.Finally,the algorithm explores the similarities between users,finds the nearest neighbors,and makes recommendations within each category.Simulations show that the improved algorithm outperforms the traditional collaborative filtering algorithms and enhances the accuracy of recommendation.
A Data Transmission Method Using a Cyclic Redundancy Check and Inaudible Frequencies 免费阅读 下载全文 This paper describes a data transmission method using a cyclic redundancy check and inaudible frequencies.The proposed method uses inaudible high frequencies from 18 k Hz to 22 k Hz generated via the inner speaker of smart devices.Using the proposed method,the performance is evaluated by conducting data transmission tests between a smart book and smart phone.The test results confirm that the proposed method can send 32 bits of data in an average of 235 ms,the transmission success rate reaches 99.47%,and the error detection rate of the cyclic redundancy check is0.53%.
Evaluation of Hypervisor Stability towards Insider Attacks 免费阅读 下载全文 Virtualization technology plays a key role in cloud computing.Thus,the security issues of virtualization tools(hypervisors,emulators,etc.) should be under precise consideration.However,threats of insider attacks are underestimated.The virtualization tools and hypervisors have been poorly protected from this type of attacks.Furthermore,hypervisor is one of the most critical elements in cloud computing infrastructure.Firstly,hypervisor vulnerabilities analysis is provided.Secondly,a formal model of insider attack on hypervisor is developed.Consequently,on the basis of the formal attack model,we propose a new methodology of hypervisor stability evaluation.In this paper,certain security countermeasures are considered that should be integrated in hypervisor software architecture.
Research of Methods for Lost Data Reconstruction in Erasure Codes over Binary Fields 免费阅读 下载全文 In the process of encoding and decoding,erasure codes over binary fields,which just need AND operations and XOR operations and therefore have a high computational efficiency,are widely used in various fields of information technology.A matrix decoding method is proposed in this paper.The method is a universal data reconstruction scheme for erasure codes over binary fields.Besides a pre-judgment that whether errors can be recovered,the method can rebuild sectors of loss data on a fault-tolerant storage system constructed by erasure codes for disk errors.Data reconstruction process of the new method has simple and clear steps,so it is beneficial for implementation of computer codes.And more,it can be applied to other non-binary fields easily,so it is expected that the method has an extensive application in the future.
Study on Clutter Model and Characteristics of Airborne Radar with Parabolic Conformal Phased Array 免费阅读 下载全文 The studies on clutter modeling and suppression of airborne radar with a parabolic conformal array are uncommon due to the complexity of this type of antenna array configuration.The correct understanding of clutter characteristics for airborne radar with a parabolic conformal antenna array is the prerequisite and foundation of optimal suppression of this type of clutter.This paper establishes the model of clutter echo of airborne parabolic conformal phased array radar and analyzes the structure characteristics and the distribution features of this type of clutter.The simulation results show that this type of clutter has the following characteristics:1) The main lobe on the azimuth is seriously broadened,2) the power spectrum presents strong heterogeneity,and 3) the freedom degrees are high.Based on the existing related clutter suppression methods,we verified the correctness of the constructed clutter model.This work has an important guidance to further study on clutter suppression methods in airborne parabolic conformal array radar.
Evaluations of Novel Waveform Coding Signals Based on Finite Projective Plane 免费阅读 下载全文 The most popular and representative classic waveform codes are referred to as orthogonal,bi-orthogonal,simplex,and etc,but the choice of waveform codes is essentially identical in error performance and cross correlation characteristic.Though bi-orthogonal coding requires half the bandwidth of the others,such coding scheme is attractive only when large bandwidth is available.In this paper,a novel finite projective plane(FPP) based waveform coding scheme is proposed,which is with similar error performance and cross correlation.Nevertheless,the bandwidth requirement will grow in a quadratic way,but not in an exponential way with the values of message bit numbers(k).The proposed scheme takes obvious advantages over the bi-orthogonal scheme when k ≥ 6.
PIPBQ Effect Aware SER Analysis for Combinational Logic Circuits 免费阅读 下载全文 Technology scaling results in the propagation-induced pulse broadening and quenching(PIPBQ) effect become more noticeable.In order to effectively evaluate the soft error rate for combinational logic circuits,a soft error rate analysis approach considering the PIPBQ effect is proposed.As different original pulse propagating through logic gate cells,pulse broadening and quenching are measured by HSPICE.After that,electrical effect look-up tables(EELUTs) for logic gate cells are created to evaluate the PIPBQ effect.Sensitized paths are accurately retrieved by the proposed re-convergence aware sensitized path search algorithm.Further,by propagating pulses on these paths to simulate fault injection,the PIPBQ effect on these paths can be quantified by EELUTs.As a result,the soft error rate of circuits can be effectively computed by the proposed technique.Simulation results verify the soft error rate improvement comparing with the PIPBQ-not-aware method.
Analysis and Simulation of a High Performance Quasi Resonant PWM Inverter for Solar Power Generation 免费阅读 下载全文 A quasi resonant pulse width modulation(PWM) inverter is used in a solar power system to convert the solar panel and battery charger’s direct current(DC) output to alternating current(AC).Although much has been published about DC to AC PWM inverters,none of the previous work has shown modeling and simulation results for DC to AC inverters.In this study,we suggest a new topology for a quasi resonant PWM inverter.Experimental results are also presented.
A High Speed Autofocusing System for Micro System Applications 免费阅读 下载全文 In this paper,we present a high speed autofocus system for micro system applications and design a look-up-table based autofocusing algorithm for applications when a target object is always visible,e.g.,manufacturing parts with alignment fiducials.We perform an evaluation of 24 focus measures to verify that which focus measure is the best for the look-up-table based method.From the evaluation,we find that the Chebyshev moments-based focus measure(CHEB) is the most suitable.Furthermore,we also develop a look-up-table based autofocus system that uses CHEB as the focus measure.In training phase,we offline construct a table from training images of an object that are captured at several lens distances.Each entry of table consists of focus measure computed from image and lens distance.In working phase,given an input image,the algorithm first computes the focus measure and then finds the best match focus measure from the table and looks up the corresponding lens position for moving it into the in-focus position.Our algorithm can perform autofocusing within only 2 steps of lens moving.The experiment shows that the system can perform high speed autofocusing of micro objects.
Robot Vision System for Coordinate Measurement of Feature Points on Large Scale Automobile Part 免费阅读 下载全文 In this paper,we present a robot vision based system for coordinate measurement of feature points on large scale automobile parts.Our system consists of an industrial 6-DOF robot mounted with a CCD camera and a PC.The system controls the robot into the area of feature points.The images of measuring feature points are acquired by the camera mounted on the robot.3D positions of the feature points are obtained from a model based pose estimation that applies to the images.The measured positions of all feature points are then transformed to the reference coordinate of feature points whose positions are obtained from the coordinate measuring machine(CMM).Finally,the point-to-point distances between the measured feature points and the reference feature points are calculated and reported.The results show that the root mean square error(RMSE) of measure values obtained by our system is less than 0.5 mm.Our system is adequate for automobile assembly and can perform faster than conventional methods.
Effects of Heat Treatment on Thermoelectric and Infrared Properties of Bi_2Te_3 Films 免费阅读 下载全文 In this work,Bi2Te3 films(250 nm) are fabricated on Si O2/Si substrates by radio frequency(RF) magnetron sputtering at room temperature,and the prepared films are annealed over the temperature range of 200 °C to 400 °C.Crystallinity and electrical properties of the films can be tuned correspondingly.The power factors of Bi2Te3 films of 0.85 μW/K2 cm to 11.43 μW/K2 cm were achieved after annealing.The infrared reflectance measurements from 2.5 μm to 5.0 μm demonstrate that there is also a slight red-shift of the plasma oscillation frequency in the Bi2Te3 films.By means of plasmonic calculations,we attribute the red-shift of absorption peaks to the reduction of carrier concentration and the change of effective mass of Bi2Te3 films with the increased annealing temperature.
Call for Papers Journal of Electronic Science and Technology Special Section on Terahertz Technology and Applications 免费阅读 下载全文
Call for Papers Journal of Electronic Science and Technology Special Section on Energy-Efficient Technologies—Crowd Energy Applications 免费阅读 下载全文
Journal of Electronic Science and Technology Information for Authors 免费阅读 下载全文