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  • Two phenomena: Honji instability, and ringing of offshore structures
  • Honji instability and ringing of offshore structrures are two different phenomena. Honji instability occurs at a circular cylinder in transverse periodic finite motion in a water tank. It is superposed on the streaming flow induced by the cylinder‘s boundary layer. Its oscillation period is half of the period of the cylinder oscillation. Finite volume calculations of the filtered Navier-Stokes equations visualize the three-dimensional instability, where fluid particles transported by the circumferencial rol...
  • Automated quadrilateral mesh generation for digital image structures
  • With the development of advanced imaging technology, digital images are widely used. This paper proposes an automatic quadrilateral mesh generation algorithm for multi-colour imaged structures. It takes an original arbitrary digital image as an input for automatic quadrilateral mesh generation, this includes removing the noise, extracting and smoothing the boundary geometries between different colours, and automatic all-quad mesh generation with the above boundaries as constraints. An application example is...
  • Analysis of a piezoelectric screw dislocation inside an elliptical inhomogeneity with confocal rigid line in piezoelectric material
  • This paper deals with the electro-elastic coupling interaction between a piezoelectric screw dislocation which is located inside the elliptical inhomogeneity and an electrically conductive confocal rigid line under remote anti-plane shear stresses and in-plane electrical loads in piezoelectric composite material. The analytical-functions of the complex potentials, stress fields and the image force acting on the piezoelectric screw dislocation are obtained based on the principle of conformal mapping, the met...
  • Stress singularity analysis of anisotropic multi-material wedges under antiplane shear deformation using the symplectic approach
  • Symplectic approach has emerged a popular tool in dealing with elasticity problems especially for those with stress singularities. However, anisotropic material problem under polar coordinate system is still a bottleneck. This paper presents a subfield method coupled with the symplectic approach to study the anisotropic material under antiplane shear deformation. Anisotropic material around wedge tip is considered to be consisted of many subfields with constant material properties which can be handled by th...
  • Influence of environmental factors on corrosion damage of aircraft structure
  • Corrosion is one of the important structural integrity concerns of aging aircraft, and it is estimated that a significant portion of airframe maintenance budgets is directed towards corrosion-related problems for both military and commercial aircraft. In order to better understand how environmental factors influence the corrosion damage initiation and propagation on aircraft structure and to predict pre-corrosion test pieces of fatigue life and structural integrity of an effective approach, this paper uses ...
  • A three dimensional implicit immersed boundary method with application
  • Most algorithms of the immersed boundary method originated by Peskin are explicit when it comes to the computation of the elastic forces exerted by the immersed boundary to the fluid. A drawback of such an explicit approach is a severe restriction on the time step size for maintaining numerical stability. An implicit immersed boundary method in two dimensions using the lattice Boltzmann approach has been proposed. This paper reports an extension of the method to three dimensions and its application to simul...
  • Dynamics of the outflow and its effect on the hydraulics of two-layer exchange flows in a channel
  • This paper reports that an experimental study is conducted to examine the dynamics of the outflow in two-layer exchange flows in a channel connecting between two water bodies with a small density difference. The experiments reveal the generation of Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) instabilities within the hydraulically sub-critical flow region of the channel. During maximal exchange, those KH instabilities develops into large-amplitude KH waves as they escape the channel exit into the reservoir. The propagation speed ...
  • On the micropolar flow in a circular pipe: the effects of the viscosity coefficients
  • This paper considers the stationary flow of incompressible micropolar fluid through a thin cylindrical pipe governed by the pressure drop between pipe‘s ends. Its goal is to investigate the influence of the viscosity coefficients on the effective flow. Depending on the magnitude of viscosity coefficients with respect to the pipe‘s thickness, it derives different asymptotic models and discusses their properties.
  • Unsteady unidirectional micropolar fluid flow
  • This paper considers the unsteady unidirectional flow of a micropolar fluid, produced by the sudden application of an arbitrary time dependent pressure gradient, between two parallel plates. The no-slip and the no-spin boundary conditions are used. Exact solutions for the velocity and microrotation distributions are obtained based on the use of the complex inversion formula of Laplace transform. The solution of the problem is also considered if the upper boundary of the flow is a free surface. The particula...
  • Riemann problem for one-dimensional binary gas enhanced coalbed methane process
  • With an extended Langmuir isotherm, a Riemann problem for one-dimensional binary gas enhanced coalbed methane (ECBM) process is investigated. A new analytical solution to the Riemann problem, based on the method of characteristics, is developed by introducing a gas selectivity ratio representing the gas relative sorption affinity. The influence of gas selectivity ratio on the enhanced coalbed methane processes is identified.
  • A two scaled numerical method for global analysis of high dimensional nonlinear systems
  • This paper first analyzes the features of two classes of numerical methods for global analysis of nonlinear dynamical systems, which regard state space respectively as continuous and discrete ones. On basis of this understanding it then points out that the previously proposed method of point mapping under cell reference (PMUCR), has laid a frame work for the development of a two scaled numerical method suitable for the global analysis of high dimensional nonlinear systems, which may take the advantages of b...
  • Extreme parameter sensitivity of transient persistence in spatially coupled ecological systems
  • This paper investigates persistence of transient dynamics depending on parameters in spatially coupled ecological systems. We emphasis that the persistence time can be obtained by populations of species or Lyapunov exponents of transient dynamics. It is found that extreme sensitive dependence of persistence on parameters occurs commonly in ecological models. A non-zero uncertainty exponent is used to characterize the high sensitivity in a reasonable parameter region. The result of a small uncertainty expone...
  • Experimental study of delayed positive feedback control for a flexible beam
  • Recently, some researches indicate that positive feedback can benefit the control if appropriate time delay is intentionally introduced into control system. However, most work is theoretical one but few are experimental. This paper presents theoretical and experimental studies of delayed positive feedback control technique using a flexible beam as research object. The positive feedback weighting coefficient is designed by using the optimal control method. The available time delay is determined by analyzing ...
  • Effects of anti-symmetric nonlinear viscous damping on the force transmissibility of multi-degree of freedom structures
  • In the present study, the concept of the output frequency response function is applied to theoretically investigate the force transmissibility of multi-degree of freedom (MDOF) structures with a nonlinear anti-symmetric viscous damping. The results reveal that an anti-symmetric nonlinear viscous damping can significantly reduce the transmissibility over all resonance regions for MDOF structures while it has almost no effect on the transmissibility over non-resonant and isolation regions. The results indicat...
  • Sound radiation of a functionally graded material cylindrical shell in water by mobility method
  • Based on the fundamental dynamic equations of functionally graded material (FGM) cylindrical shell, this paper investigates the sound radiation of vibrational FGM shell in water by mobility method. This model takes into account the exterior fluid loading due to the sound press radiated by the FGM shell. The FGM cylindrical shell was excited by a harmonic line radial force uniformly distributing along the generator. The FGM shell equations of motion, the Helmholtz equation in the exterior fluid medium and th...
  • A non-linear finite element model of human L4-L5 lumbar spinal segment with three-dimensional solid element ligaments
  • This paper establishes a non-linear finite element model (NFEM) of L4-L5 lumbar spinal segment with accurate three-dimensional solid ligaments and intervertebral disc. For the purpose, the intervertebral disc and surrounding ligaments are modeled with four-nodal three-dimensional tetrahedral elements with hyper-elastic material properties. Pure moment of 10 N·m without preload is applied to the upper vertebral body under the loading conditions of lateral bending, backward extension, torsion, and forward fle...
  • 《力学快报:英文版》封面

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