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死亡率
  • 癌不癌,看看你的餐桌就知道了 相关:餐桌 城市居民 居民健康
  • 近年来,我国肿瘤的发病率和死亡率不断走高,尤其是在城市居民中,癌症已成为威胁居民健康的头号杀手。得癌症的原因有很多,而不当的饮食会诱发癌症,这是确定的。
  • Extent of lymphadenectomy has no impact on postoperative complications after gastric cancer surgery in Sweden 免费阅读 下载全文 相关:淋巴结 并发症 胃癌
  • Objective: Curative gastric cancer surgery entails removal of the primary tumor with adequate margins including regional lymph nodes. European randomized controlled trials with recruitment in the 1990's reported increased morbidity and mortality for D2 compared to D1. Here, we examined the extent of lymphadenectomy during gastric cancer surgery and the associated risk for postoperative complications and mortality using the strengths of a population-based study.Methods: A prospective nationwide study conducted within the National Register of Esophageal and Gastric Cancer. All patients in Sweden from 2006 to 2013 who underwent gastric cancer resections with curative intent were included. Patients were categorized into D0, D1, or D1+/D2, and analyzed regarding postoperative morbidity and mortality using multivariable logistic regression.Results: In total, 349(31.7%) patients had a D0, 494(44.9%) D1, and 258(23.4%) D1+/D2 lymphadenectomy.The 30-d postoperative complication rates were 25.5%, 25.1% and 32.2%(D0, D1 and D1+/D2, respectively), and 90-d mortality rates were 8.3%, 4.3% and 5.8%. After adjustment for confounders, in multivariable analysis, there were no significant differences in risk for postoperative complications between the lymphadenectomy groups. For90-d mortality, there was a lower risk for D1 vs. D0.Conclusions: The majority of gastric cancer resections in Sweden have included only a limited lymphadenectomy(D0 and D1). More extensive lymphadenectomy(D1+/D2) seemed to have no impact on postoperative morbidity or mortality.
  • Epidemiology and trend analysis on malignant mesothelioma in China 免费阅读 下载全文 相关:流行病学调查 中国标准 恶性
  • Objective: Population-based cancer registration data were used to analyze the epidemiology and trend of malignant mesothelioma in China, and the result would provide basic data for its prevention and control.Methods: Malignant mesothelioma data in 2013 were retrieved from the database of National Cancer Registry.Malignant mesothelioma incidence and mortality were estimated using age-specific rate by urban/rural and gender according to the national population in 2013. Malignant mesothelioma data from 22 cancer registries were used for trend analysis during 2000–2013.Results: It is estimated that there were 2,041 new malignant mesothelioma cases and 1,659 malignant mesothelioma deaths occurred in 2013. The crude incidence rate in China were 1.50/106(males 1.67/106, females1.32/106), age-standardized incidence rates by Chinese standard population(ASIRC) and by world standard population(ASIRW) were 1.03/106 and 1.02/106, respectively. The crude mortality rate in China was 1.22/106(males 1.67/106, females 1.32/106), age-standardized mortality rates by Chinese standard population(ASMRC) and by world standard population(ASMRW) were 0.83/106 and 0.81/106, respectively. There was an increasing trend of incidence rate for malignant mesothelioma in registration areas of China during 2000–2013 with annual percentage change(APC) of 2.5% [95% confidence interval(95% CI): 0.6%–4.5%]. After age standardization, no significant differences were observed. No matter for crude mortality rates or age-standardized mortality rates, no significant differences were observed during 2000–2013.Conclusions: Malignant mesothelioma is the major occupational and environmental neoplasm associated with asbestos exposure. The increasing incidence trend suggests that more attention should be paid on this disease.
  • 亚洲地区成人体质量指数与全因死亡率关系的m eta 分析 免费阅读 下载全文 相关:人体质量指数 死亡率 前瞻性研究
  • 目的:探讨亚洲地区成人不同水平体质量指数( Body mass index , BMI)与全因死亡率关系。方法:全面检索相关文献,严格按照纳入标准筛选有关体质量指数和全因死亡率的前瞻性队列研究,应用meta分析方法对各研究进行数据合并与分析。通过分层分析和敏感性分析寻找研究异质性来源,利用漏斗图、Egger检验和Begg检验分析发表偏倚。结果:共纳入17篇文献,累计研究对象1769369例,死亡104888例。 BMI<18.5 kg/m2、23.0~29.9 kg/m2、≥30.0 kg/m2三组的合并RR 分别为1.39(95%CI:1.31~1.47)、0.88(95%CI:0.85~0.92)、1.14(95%CI:1.05~1.23)。分层分析结果提示,人群性别、地域和患者身高体质量的获取方式、文献发表时间、文献质量是研究异质性的来源。 Egger和Begg检验均未发现发表偏倚(均P>0.05)。结论:BMI过低和BMI过高是亚洲人群全因死亡率的危险因素。
  • 保持长久幸福感,或是长寿奥秘 相关:长寿奥秘 幸福感 享受生活
  • 一项最近发表于《英国医学期刊》(BMJ)上的研究报告指出,在老年阶段持续地享受生活,或许和个体死亡率降低直接相关。并且,个体享受生活的时间越长,其死亡的风险越低。
  • 吉林省2014-2016年5岁以下儿童死亡评审结果分析 相关:5岁以下儿童 死亡评审 死亡率
  • 目的 分析吉林省5岁以下儿童死亡的主要死因及影响因素,制定有针对性的干预措施,降低全省5岁以下儿童死亡率.方法 按照《吉林省5岁以下儿童死亡评审规范》要求,组织专家对2014-2016年省级监测点死亡的5岁以下儿童进行评审.结果 2014-2016年省级监测点5岁以下儿童死亡率为4.57‰,婴儿死亡占82.96%,新生儿死亡占60.03%,省级评审218例,评审比例为28.57%;5岁以下儿童死亡主要死因为出生窒息、早产低出生体重、先天性心脏病及其他先天异常;主要影响因素为个人及家庭知识技能、态度问题及各级医疗保健人员的知识技能问题;评审结果79.82%为可避免或创造条件可避免死亡.结论 规范孕期保健和高危妊娠管理,加强健康教育宣传,提高产儿科专业技术人员急危重症的识别和处理能力,保证评审工作质量是降低5岁以下儿童死亡率的关键.
  • 头孢拉定治疗鸡大肠杆菌的疗效分析 免费阅读 下载全文 相关:头孢拉定治疗 大肠杆菌 死亡率
  • 目的:探讨头孢拉定治疗鸡大肠杆菌的临床疗效.方法:于2017年2月-2018年1月选取雏鸡共120只,以数字随机分组均分为观察1组、观察2组、观察3组与对照组,分别给予观察1组、观察2组、观察3组雏鸡饲喂头孢拉定高剂量(300ppm)、中剂量(200ppm)及低剂量(100ppm),给予对照组雏鸡饲喂等体积的蒸馏水,21d后,对各组雏鸡进行大肠杆菌致病处理.比较各组雏鸡的死亡率.结果:观察组1组雏鸡死亡率为0,00%,显著低于对照组的30%,对比具有统计学意义(/〉〈0.05).观察1组雏鸡死亡率略小于观察2组及3组的3.33%、6.67%,差异性对比不具有统计学意义(P〉0.05).结论:头孢拉定治疗鸡大肠杆菌的临床疗效显著,值得临床推广使用,其中最佳使用剂量为300ppm.
  • 哺乳仔猪死亡率高的原因及预防措施 免费阅读 下载全文 相关:哺乳仔猪 死亡率 原因
  • 在养猪行业当中有个现象一直阻碍着养猪业的发展,那就是哺乳期仔猪的死亡率过高,特别是新生仔猪的死亡率更是高达50%以上.本文则分析了哺乳仔猪死亡率高的原因并提出相应的防御措施.
  • 心电图左心室肥厚电压标准与心血管病死亡率的关系 相关:左心室肥厚 心血管病 电压标准
  • 目前已提出多种使用心电图来诊断左心室肥厚的方法。它们识别病理性肥厚的灵敏度有限,至少部分是由于它们不能区分病理性和生理性肥厚。为此,Ha等使用心血管病死亡作为病理性肥厚的替代指标,比较主要的心电图左心室肥厚标准的预测能力。
  • 血管生成素样蛋白2水平与肾移植术后主动脉僵硬度和死亡率呈正相关 相关:血管生成素样蛋白2 主动脉僵硬度 肾移植术后
  • 血管生成素样蛋白2(angiopoietin-like-2,ANGPTL2)是一种分泌性糖蛋白,可诱发血管内皮功能障碍、动脉粥样硬化和心血管病。循环ANGPTL2在慢性肾脏病(chronic kidney disease,CKD)患者中增加,加重患心血管病的风险。
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